In this chapter we discuss various kinds of graphics and how to caption pictures. Many of the things we speak about here build on advice given in Chapter 46 on the reasons for, choice of and use of news pictures. Captions Very few pictures used in newspapers, magazines or web pages can stand alone without at least some short description of what they are or why they are there.
Analyzing Photographs The activities in this curriculum rely on three methods of visual analysis: These methods provide a structure for viewing, analyzing, and writing about photographs that is consistent throughout the curriculum. For the purposes of explaining the methods of visual analysis, this section relies on Alexander Gardner's Lincoln on Battlefield of Antietam, Maryland, but the same methods can be applied to analyzing any image.
Describing an image is a useful technique for looking closely at an image and absorbing its details. Descriptions should remain objective, discussing what can be seen without drawing conclusions about a photograph's meaning. For instance, when looking at Lincoln on Battlefield of Antietam, Maryland, it would be appropriate to say, "The tall man in the middle is wearing a black suit," but it would be inappropriate to say "The tall man in the middle is dressed as if going to a funeral.
A description can begin anywhere, but generally it is easiest to begin by discussing the subject matter. For example, a description of this image might begin with the basic statement, "In this black-and-white image, three men stand in front of a tent.
The man to the left is wearing a worn dark suit and a bowler hat. The man to the right is dressed in a military uniform with bright buttons and epaulets.
The tent is pitched on a grassy clearing with trees in the background. Different viewers will react to the same image in different ways, so there are no wrong responses. Knowing the historical context for an image can be very important for constructing reflective responses. For this image, it is important to know that the Battle of Antietam was one of the most bloody and brutal battles of the Civil War.
Appropriate comments for this type of analysis include the following: The somber facial expressions of the men, coupled with the barren grass and sparse trees give an overall impression of death and dying. There is also a sense of loneliness about the figure of President Lincoln.
Although standing next to two men, he seems totally isolated. He is unresponsive to the camera; rather than making eye contact, he stares distantly off into space, increasing the sense of isolation.
Each lesson in this curriculum includes links to descriptions of the elements and principles of art, which can be used as a guide in your formal analysis. The "elements of art" are the building blocks for achieving the "principles of art. In the Lincoln picture, the very distinct lines and geometric shapes are immediately apparent.The Not So Good Lives of New England's Good Wives: Learn what life was like for women in early America.
Good writing is always about something. Write the argument of your book in a sentence, then stretch that out to a paragraph, and then to a one-page outline.
After that, write a table of contents to help guide you as you write, then break each chapter into a few sections. Good Housekeeping Step by Step Cookbook: More Than 1, Recipes * 1, Photographs * Techniques [Susan Westmoreland, Good Housekeeping] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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Picturing a Story: Photo Essay about a Community, Event or Issue. Grades/Level: Middle School (6 • Students will discuss and analyze examples of social-documentary photographs by Dorothea Lange. Students continue researching their topic and then write a one-page plan summarizing the key story they hope to tell in their photo essay and. You need great timing to take good photographs of people playing sports. As with most pastimes, it is the people that really matter at these events, and you can often capture a sense of excitement through the faces and expressions of the people involved, as well as the spectators. Clarence Hailey Long, - Another Landmark Image This is C.H. Long, a year-old foreman at the JA ranch in the Texas panhandle, a place described as “, acres of nothing much.”.
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When Japan opened its doors to the West in the s, delicately hand-tinted photographic prints of Japanese people and landscapes were among its earliest and most popular exports. A photograph (also known as a photo) is an image created by light falling on a photosensitive surface, usually photographic film or an electronic image sensor, such as a CCD or a CMOS chip.
Most photographs are created using a camera, which uses a lens to focus the scene's visible wavelengths of light into a reproduction of what the human eye.