An Overview of the World's Religions Introduction It should be kept in mind at all times that no religion is monolithic. The summaries that follow are just that: Each religion has numberless sects and differences of opinion over doctrine, politics and just about anything one can think of.
And our commitment to religious freedom must be unshakeable. The principle that people of all faiths are welcome in this country and that they will not be treated differently by their government is essential to who we are.
It was a sentiment George Washington voiced shortly after taking the oath of office just a few blocks from Ground Zero.
In the storybook version most of us learned in school, the Pilgrims came to America aboard the Mayflower in search of religious freedom in The Puritans soon followed, for the same reason. The problem is that this tidy narrative is an American myth. More than half a century before the Mayflower set sail, French pilgrims had come to America in search of religious freedom.
The Spanish had other ideas.
Inthey established a forward operating base at St. Augustine and proceeded to wipe out the Fort Caroline colony.
In other words, the first encounter between European Christians in America ended in a blood bath. The much-ballyhooed arrival of the Pilgrims and Puritans in New England in the early s was indeed a response to persecution that these religious dissenters had experienced in England.
But the Puritan fathers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony did not countenance tolerance of opposing religious views. The most famous dissidents within the Puritan community, Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson, were banished following disagreements over theology and policy.
Four Quakers were hanged in Boston between and for persistently returning to the city to stand up for their beliefs.
Throughout the colonial era, Anglo-American antipathy toward Catholics—especially French and Spanish Catholics—was pronounced and often reflected in the sermons of such famous clerics as Cotton Mather and in statutes that discriminated against Catholics in matters of property and voting. In newly independent America, there was a crazy quilt of state laws regarding religion.
In Massachusetts, only Christians were allowed to hold public office, and Catholics were allowed to do so only after renouncing papal authority. In Maryland, Catholics had full civil rights, but Jews did not.
Delaware required an oath affirming belief in the Trinity. Several states, including Massachusetts and South Carolina, had official, state-supported churches. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg. This right is in its nature an inalienable right.
As a Christian, Madison also noted that Christianity had spread in the face of persecution from worldly powers, not with their help. The act is one of three accomplishments Jefferson included on his tombstone, along with writing the Declaration and founding the University of Virginia.
He omitted his presidency of the United States. And as framed in Philadelphia that year, the U. The men who fought the Revolution may have thanked Providence and attended church regularly—or not.An Overview of the World's Religions. Introduction. It should be kept in mind at all times that no religion is monolithic.
The summaries that follow are just that: summaries. The case for nationalism as a religion, for example, has been made repeatedly from Carlton Hayes's classic Nationalism: A Religion to more recent works by Peter van der Veer, Talal Asad, Carolyn Marvin, and others.
9 Carolyn Marvin argues that "nationalism is the most powerful religion in . Religious fanaticism is uncritical zeal or with an obsessive enthusiasm related to one's own, or one's group's, devotion to a religion – a form of human fanaticism which could otherwise be expressed in one's other involvements and participation, including employment, role, and partisan affinities.
Everyone knows he is destined for greatness because he has mastered all the rituals and wisdom of his religion at an early age.
His village is idyllic, and Siddhartha seems to live an enviable life. His father is a Brahmin, a religious leader and esteemed member of the community. Aug 01, · The World’s Muslims: Religion, Politics and Society Overwhelming percentages of Muslims in many countries want Islamic law (sharia) to be the official law of the land, according to a worldwide survey by the Pew Research Center.
Knowing well the history of religious warfare that led to America’s settlement, they clearly understood both the dangers of that system and of sectarian conflict. It was the recognition of that divisive past by the founders—notably Washington, Jefferson, Adams and Madison—that secured America as a secular republic.