All dates are AD or CE current era unless otherwise specified. Some dates are approximations or "educated guesses.
Logos Greek for "word" refers to the internal consistency of the message--the clarity of the claim, the logic of its reasons, and the effectiveness of its supporting evidence.
The impact of logos on an audience is sometimes called the argument's logical appeal. The logos, or persuasive reasoning, comes from studying the situations and characters that Huck observes.
The unusual thing about Mark Twain's Huck Huck gives a multitude of reasons as to why he is low-down and going to hell.
The reader can draw inferences that contradict what Huck says or thinks, providing us with what the author thinks the story's tone —how the author feels about his subject. Huck is Twain's mouth piece. While he shows little self-confidence, Huck's narrative and self-criticism allows us to understand the author's messages regarding morality and religion Twain asks the reader to see beyond Huck's seeming lack of sophistication and social savvy.
Specifically, Huck believes he is wrong for not turning Jim in as a runaway slave. He struggles a great deal over the moral issue of doing what society expects and doing what he believes is right in his heart. For a good portion of the story, he tells himself that his heart wants what society wants.
Additionally, out of a sense of self-preservation, Huck is certain that by letting Jim go free, Huck will go to hell.
The reader comes to question what Huck says, and see the truths regarding the society in which he lives. We begin to reason not based on what Huck says, but in the difference between what he says and society believes, and our own and Twain's perceptions of civilized attitudes and behaviors.
For example, ironically, Huck thinks he cannot measure up to Tom Sawyer. However, Tom is really self-serving and thoughtless. By not telling Huck that Jim's owner Miss Watson has died and freed Jim in her will simply so he can go on an adventurethings get very complicated, especially for Jim.
Huck is practical, but Tom is a fanciful and foolish. The reader can see that Tom is not at all representative of the decent and civilized person Huck thinks him to be.
By studying Tom, we can infer that Huck is more thoughtful and civilized, and he is a better friend to Tom than Tom is to him. This provides logical reasoning in an indirect way—because of the way Twain presents Huck that should convince the reader to draw his or her own conclusions rather than listening to Huck.
All the while Huck is feeling guilty about Jim, the runaway slave treats the boy not only as a friend but also like a son. Jim makes sure that Huck never sees Pap who is dead in the floating house.
In Chapter 15, Jim makes Huck see his friend not as a slave but as a person—someone who loves him, mourned for him when he thought Huck was dead, and sad when he realizes that Huck thought little enough of him to play a trick on him. En when I wake up en fine you back agin, all safe en soun', de tears come, en I could a got down on my knees en kiss yo' foot, I's so thankful.
En all you wuz thinkin' 'bout wuz how you could make a fool uv ole Jim wid a lie. Toward the end of the book, Jim risks his dreams of freedom and reuniting with his family to save Tom.
The reader observes that while Huck has seen Jim as simply a slave, Jim's devotion allows the reader to reason that he is a decent and loving man. Eventually, Huck will come around to this way of thinking, but the reader cannot afford to wait for Huck to see Jim for the man he truly is.
When push comes to shove, Huck thinks upon what Jim has done for him and what society expects—and he goes as far as to write a letter to Miss Watson so she can find Jim: It was a close place.
I took it up, and held it in my hand. I was a trembling, because I'd got to decide, forever, betwixt two things, and I knowed it.
I studied a minute, sort of holding my breath, and then says to myself: Ironically, Huck thinks he is blackguard and a sinner by protecting Jim. When he remembers all the things Jim has done for him, he cannot find a way to harden his heart against the man so he can feel good about the letter to Miss Watson.
While Huck struggles, the reader finds an multitude of reasons to understand Twain's inference that Jim is a man deserving of respect and high regard. In terms of examples of logos, the reader is persuaded by what Huck cannot see.
The "internal consistency of the message" does not come from Huck. The "supporting evidence" of this reasoning comes from studying the actions of the other characters in the story—not in what Huck says.
We find the message, what Twain is trying to tell us, by looking beyond what Huck says.Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (or, in more recent editions, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) is a novel by Mark Twain, first published in the United Kingdom in December and in the United States in February Huckleberry Finn was written by Samuel Clemons using his pen name, “Mark Twain” and has been named one of the great American novels The work is among the first in major American literature to be written throughout in vernacular English, characterized by local color regionalism.
The most important things are the hardest things to say, because words diminish them Some time ago the wise bald (or white) heads stationed at various universities came to an agreement that a literary form, commonly known as the novel, is dead - fewer and fewer works of any significance are written each year.
Twain’s “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,” a story about a poor white boy and a slave, most recently made the list in , when a group of students in Montgomery County in Pennsylvania. Moral Development and Importance of Moral Reasoning - Introduction: Lawrence Kohlberg was the follower of Piaget’s theory of Moral development in principle but wanted to make his own theory by expanding his theory and study on that particular topic.
Satire is used by Mark Twain in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn to depict how all kinds of people say one thing and do another in America in early s, demonstrating that Mark Twain wants readers to be aware of the hypocrisy and ignorance of American society.